|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Wyomings at-large district
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2017
|Preceded by||Cynthia Lummis|
|Chair of the House Republican Conference|
January 3, 2019 – May 12, 2021
|Preceded by||Cathy McMorris Rodgers|
|Succeeded by||Elise Stefanik|
Elizabeth Lynne Cheney
July 28, 1966 (age 55)
Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Relatives||Mary Cheney (sister)|
|Education||Colorado College (BA)|
University of Chicago (JD)
Elizabeth Lynne Cheney ( CHAYN-ee; born July 28, 1966) is an American attorney and politician who has been the U.S. Representative for Wyomings at-large congressional district since 2017. She was Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs in the George W. Bush administration and was the Chair of the House Republican Conference, the third-highest position in the House Republican leadership, from 2019 to 2021.
Cheney is the elder daughter of former Vice President Dick Cheney and Lynne Cheney. She held several positions in the U.S. State Department during the George W. Bush administration, notably as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs and Coordinator for Broader Middle East and North Africa Initiatives. She promoted regime change in Iran while chairing the Iran Syria Policy and Operations Group with Elliott Abrams. In 2009 Cheney and Bill Kristol founded Keep America Safe, a nonprofit organization concerned with national security issues that advocated the positions of the Bush–Cheney administration. She was a candidate for the 2014 election to the U.S. Senate in Wyoming, challenging three-term incumbent Mike Enzi, before withdrawing from the race. In the House of Representatives, she holds the seat her father held for a decade, representing Wyoming from 1979 to 1989.
Regarded as a leading ideological conservative in the Bush–Cheney-era tradition and a representative of the Republican establishment, Cheney is a neoconservative, known for her focus on national security, her support for the U.S. military, a pro-business stance, foreign policy views, and for being fiscally and socially conservative. Cheney is considered one of the leaders of the neoconservative wing of the Republican Party and was critical of the foreign policy of the Donald Trump administration while simultaneously voting steadfastly in support of its overall agenda.
She later supported the second impeachment of Donald Trump for his role in the 2021 storming of the U.S. Capitol. Because of her stance on the Capitol riot, her impeachment vote and opposition to Trumps false stolen-election narrative, pro-Trump Freedom Caucus members of the House Republican Conference attempted to remove her from party leadership in February 2021. That effort failed, and Cheney remained conference chair until mid-May, when pro-Trump members of the House again pushed for her removal. With House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy supporting the effort, Cheney was removed from her position. After her battles with Republican leadership, Cheney received death threats, leading her to spend $58,000 on a private security detail. She has said that she intends to be the leader, one of the leaders, in a fight to help to restore our party and that she may be interested in a future presidential run. In July 2021, Speaker Nancy Pelosi appointed Cheney to the House Select Committee on the January 6 Attack.
Early life and education
Elizabeth Lynne Cheney was born on July 28, 1966, in Madison, Wisconsin, the elder of two daughters of former Vice President Dick Cheney and former Second Lady Lynne Cheney (née Vincent). At the time of her birth, her parents were studying at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Her younger sister, Mary Cheney, was also born in Madison. Cheney attended part of sixth and seventh grade in Casper, Wyoming, while her father campaigned for Congress. The family divided its time between Casper and Washington, D.C. in the 1970s through the 1980s, following her fathers election to Congress. In 1984 Cheney graduated from McLean High School, where she was a cheerleader. She received her Bachelor of Arts degree from Colorado College, her mothers alma mater, where she wrote her senior thesis, The Evolution of Presidential War Powers. She received her Juris Doctor from the University of Chicago Law School in 1996. While there, she also took courses in Middle Eastern history at the Oriental Institute.
Before attending law school, Cheney worked for the State Department for five years and the United States Agency for International Development between 1989 and 1993. After 1993, she took a job at Armitage Associates LLP, the consulting firm founded by Richard Armitage, then a former Defense Department official and Iran-Contra operative who was later Deputy Secretary of State.
After graduating from law school, Cheney practiced law at the law firm of White & Case and as an international law attorney and consultant at the International Finance Corporation, a member of the World Bank Group. She was also Special Assistant to the Deputy Secretary of State for Assistance to the former Soviet Union, and a USAID officer in U.S. embassies in Budapest and Warsaw.
Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs
In 2002, Cheney was appointed Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, a preexisting vacant post with an economic portfolio, a mandate to promote investment in the region. Amid reports, including a New York Times editorial by Paul Krugman, that the job was created especially for her, State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said that she had come recommended by then-Secretary of State Colin Powell. The Sunday Times reported that Cheneys appointment was the most intriguing sign that America is getting serious about Middle East reform and a measure of the seriousness with which the administration was taking Middle East programmes for literacy, education, and reform. The appointment followed publicized policy divisions between the Vice Presidents office and the State Department on Middle East policy. In that position, she was given control of the Middle East Partnership Initiative, designed to foster increased democracy and economic progress in a troubled region. The program spent $29 million in 2002, increased to $129 million in the following year. Cheneys task was to channel money to prescreened groups, some of which were not identified publicly for fear of retaliations from extant governments they sought to undermine. For the budget year 2004, the project sought $145 million.
2004 Bush–Cheney reelection campaign
After two years, Cheney left her State Department post in 2003 to work in her fathers 2004 reelection campaign. She participated in the campaigns W Stands for Women initiative to target female voters.
Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs
On February 14, 2005, she returned to the U.S. State Department and was appointed Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State For Near Eastern Affairs and Coordinator for Broader Middle East and North Africa Initiatives. In this position, Cheney supported the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, C. David Welch, and coordinated multilateral efforts to promote and support democracy and expand education and economic opportunities in the Middle East and North Africa. Cheney oversaw the launch of two semi-independent foundations, the Fund of the Future (worth $100 million), to provide capital for small businesses, and the Foundation of the Future (worth $55 million), to promote freedom of the press and democracy. In that capacity, Cheney endorsed a draft of a new Iraqi constitution.
Iran Syria Policy and Operations Group
In April 2006, The New York Times published a story that was critical of Cheneys work, particularly with respect to Iran. The International Republican Institute, a grants program administered by Cheneys unit in collaboration with a Republican-affiliated foundation, received particular scrutiny. The Times maintained that when the group became controversial, with critics saying that it was plotting covert actions that could escalate into war with Iran and Syria, the group was disbanded, by May 2006. Shortly before the ISOG group was dissolved, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice initiated a major effort to engage Iran and Syria in efforts to stabilize Iraq.
Post–State Department career
In June 2007 Cheney signed on as one of three national co-chairs of Fred Thompsons 2008 presidential campaign. The others were Spencer Abraham and George Allen. In a press release issued at the beginning of his campaign, Thompson said he was very pleased to announce that former Senators Abraham and Allen, as well as Liz Cheney, will serve as co-chairs of my national leadership team. He added: These distinguished individuals bring wise counsel and invaluable experience to my campaign leadership team, and they will play a critical role in helping spread my consistent conservative message across America. After Thompson dropped out of the race, Cheney announced on January 27, 2008, that she would work for Mitt Romneys presidential campaign as a senior foreign policy advisor.
In October 2009, Liz Cheney, William Kristol, and Deborah Burlingame launched, as board members, the nonprofit 501(c)(4) organization Keep America Safe. The groups stated purpose is to provide information for concerned Americans about critical national security issues. It drew strong criticism from conservative lawyers, many of whom had worked for the Bush administration, after its campaign against The Al Qaeda 7, seven Justice Department lawyers in the Obama administration who previously had worked as defense lawyers for Guantanamo detainees. Shortly after, all information about the organization disappeared from the Internet.
In January 2012, Cheney was hired as a contributor for Fox News. She guest-hosted programs such as Hannity and Fox News Sunday. The network terminated her contract in July 2013 after she announced her intention to mount a 2014 bid for the Senate in Wyoming.
2014 U.S. Senate bid
On July 16, 2013, Cheney announced that she would run for the Senate in 2014 from Wyoming as a Republican, challenging incumbent Republican senator Mike Enzi. The National Republican Senatorial Committee said it would back Enzi, as was policy. Cheney was expected to receive strong fundraising, but was subject to public perceptions of carpetbagging, having lived in Wyoming only a few years as a child before purchasing a home there in 2012. When she launched her 2014 Senate campaign, she did it with a Facebook post geotagged to McLean, Virginia, her primary residence at the time. During that campaign, The New Republic columnist Jon Ward wrote, she talked up her Wyoming roots and dressed in boots. But when I chatted with her at one stop, her jeans were so new that her hands were stained blue from touching them. In the video announcing her candidacy, she noted that the Cheney family first came to Wyoming in 1852. Her father represented Wyoming in the House from 1979 to 1989.
In her first campaign appearance in Cheyenne after announcing her challenge to Enzi, Cheney said, We have to not be afraid of being called obstructionists. Obstructing President Obamas policies and his agenda isnt actually obstruction; its patriotism. Cheney claimed that Obama had literally declared war on the First and Second amendments to the United States Constitution as well as the interests of Wyoming ranchers and energy workers who faced regulations from the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
Cheneys campaign was marred by criticism from her championing of hawkish foreign policy positions to a public spat with her sister over her vocal opposition to same-sex marriage. Enzis continuing popularity made it difficult for Cheney to make inroads with Wyoming Republicans. On January 6, 2014, Cheney announced her withdrawal from the race, citing family health issues.
U.S. House of Representatives
After incumbent Cynthia Lummis announced her retirement in the fall of 2015, Cheney announced she was considering running for her seat in 2016. On February 1, 2016, Cheney announced her candidacy for Wyomings House seat. She was widely considered the front-runner, and a poll commissioned by the Casper Star-Tribune and Wyoming PBS showed her leading in the Republican primary – the real contest in this heavily Republican state. Oil tycoon Simon Kukes contributed to her campaign. She was elected with over 60% of the vote.
In the November 6 general election, Cheney was reelected to the House with 127,951 votes, defeating Democrat Greg Hunter (59,898 votes), Libertarian Richard Brubaker (6,918) and Constitution Party candidate Daniel Clyde Cummings (6,069). Cheney won 21 of 23 counties, losing Albany and Teton Counties to Hunter. On November 14, the Republican membership elected Cheney chair of the House Republican Conference for the 116th Congress. In this post, she is the third-ranking Republican in the chamber, behind Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy and Minority Whip Steve Scalise.
Cheney defeated Blake Stanley in the Republican primary with 73% of the vote, and Democrat Lynnette Grey Bull in the general election with 69% of the vote.
On March 7, 2019, Cheney joined 22 Republican representatives in opposing HR183, which condemned anti-Semitism as hateful expressions of intolerance and anti-Muslim discrimination and bigotry. Critics of the bill cited a concern it was too broad, as it was initially meant to chastise comments made by Ilhan Omar, and her name and comments were removed from the bill.
In May 2019, Cheney said that Peter Strzok and another FBI agent who sent personal text messages where they disparaged various politicians (including Trump) sounded as if they were planning a coup and may be guilty of treason.
In June 2019, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez compared the holding centers for illegal immigrants at the Mexico–United States border to concentration camps. Cheney strongly criticized her words, saying they showed disrespect for Holocaust victims.
Speaking as chairwoman at a House Republican Conference in August 2019, Cheney said that the successful litigation (Crow Tribe et al v. Zinke) by Native tribes and environmentalists to return the grizzly bear in Greater Yellowstone to the Endangered Species Act was not based on science or facts but motivated by plaintiffs intent on destroying our Western way of life. Her statements drew comments from indigenous tribal nations and environmentalists. Tribal nations hold the grizzly to be sacred and they and environmentalists have voiced concerns about trophy hunts, livestock and logging interests, and the gas, coal, and oil extraction industries.
Cheney condemned the Turkish invasion of the Kurdish areas in Syria, which was made possible by Trumps decision to withdraw US military forces that served as a buffer between Turkey and the Kurdish areas in Syria, saying, The U.S. is abandoning our ally the Kurds, who fought ISIS on the ground and helped protect the U.S. homeland. This decision aids America’s adversaries, Russia, Iran, and Turkey, and paves the way for a resurgence of ISIS. Cheney partly blamed the Democratic Party and the impeachment inquiry into Trump for Turkeys actions, saying, It was not an accident that the Turks chose this moment to roll across the border. A spokesperson for House Speaker Nancy Pelosi called Cheneys claim about the impact of U.S. presidential impeachment proceedings on the invasion delusional.
At a House Republican Conference in July 2020, some Republicans, such as Jim Jordan of Ohio and Andy Biggs of Arizona, criticized Cheney for defending Dr. Fauci amid the COVID-19 pandemic, and for previously endorsing Kentucky Congressman Thomas Massies primary opponent.
Cheney expressed support for Israeli plans to annex parts of Palestinian territory in the occupied West Bank. She signed a letter addressed to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu that reaffirms the unshakeable alliance between the United States and Israel.
Cheney, second from right, at Fiddleback Ranch, near Douglas, Wyoming, on July 31, 2019
In September 2020, Cheney asked the Justice Department to investigate environmental groups such as the NRDC, Sea Change and the Sierra Club, saying that robust political and judicial activism – combined with the fact that these groups often espouse views that align with those of our adversaries – makes it all the more critical that the Department is aware of any potential foreign influence within or targeting these groups. I urge the Department to investigate Chinese and Russian attempts to influence environmental and energy policy in the United States.
Beginning during his time as a Dublin, California city councilman, Eric Swalwell was targeted by a Chinese woman believed to be a clandestine officer of Chinas Ministry of State Security. Swalwells general relationship with a suspected Chinese agent has been characterized as problematic, particularly given his high-profile role as a member of the House Intelligence Committee. Cheney signed a letter demanding Swalwells removal from the House Intelligence Committee. She also said, the extent to which [the Chinese Communist Party] caused [COVID-19] to be spread around the world has really shone a spotlight on the nature of that regime, and has really focused the attention of not just people in the United States but our allies around the world on the threat that they pose and how important it is we protect ourselves by moving supply chains, by ending our dependence on the Chinese government.
From 2017 to 2021, Cheney voted in line with Trumps position 92.9% of the time, supporting him more consistently in House votes than even his former chief of staff Mark Meadows. In 2019, according to the New York Times, Cheney publicly feuded with Rand Paul over who was Trumpier. According to The Atlantic, she was a loyal Trumpist and helped build the party of Trump.
Second impeachment of Donald Trump
The President of the United States summoned this mob, assembled the mob, and lit the flame of this attack. Everything that followed was his doing. None of this would have happened without the President. The President could have immediately and forcefully intervened to stop the violence. He did not. There has never been a greater betrayal by a President of the United States of his office and his oath to the Constitution.
— Liz Cheney
On January 12, 2021, following the storming of the United States Capitol during the certification process for President-elect Joe Biden, Cheney announced she would vote to impeach Trump for his role in inciting the storming. At a rally just before the storming, Trump told the mob of insurrectionists to get rid of Cheney, and the mob then attacked the Capitol while chanting Hang Mike Pence! and trying to find lawmakers. Cheney said that Trump lit the flame of the riot and did nothing to stop it. Saying there has never been a greater betrayal by a President of the United States of his office and his oath, she announced her support for impeachment. Nine other Republicans joined her in doing so on January 13. She was then the third-ranking Republican in the House. Jim Jordan (one of 139 House members, and 8 senators, who voted for—or supported—the objections to the Electoral College count) called for her removal from Republican Party leadership. Andy Biggs took offense specifically with the wording of Cheneys remark, saying: She puts out a statement saying that what this president did is maybe one of the most heinous things in the history of the US presidency. Her words were used over and over again when the Democrats were making their speeches on the floor of the House. And they will be used again when the Senate opens up another bogus trial in the Senate. That is what the problem is.
Former President George W. Bushs spokesman said on January 30 that Bush supported Cheneys actions and intended to call his former vice president, Dick Cheney, to thank him for his daughters service. Days later, Senate minority leader Mitch McConnell said, Liz Cheney is a leader with deep convictions and the courage to act on them. She is an important leader in our party and in our nation. I am grateful for her service and look forward to continuing to work with her on the crucial issues facing our nation. McConnell also condemned Trump supporters loony lies. Senator Lindsey Graham said Cheney is one of the strongest and most reliable conservative voices in the Republican Party. She is a fiscal and social conservative, and no one works harder to ensure that our military is well prepared.
Trump supporters were angered by Cheneys vote to impeach, and on February 3, 2021, the House Republican Conference held a closed-door, secret-ballot vote on whether to remove her from her position in the Republican House leadership. She held her position by a 145–61 vote, with one member voting present. After the vote, Cheney said, we’re not going to be divided and that we’re not going to be in a situation where people can pick off any member of leadership. On February 6, the Wyoming Republican Party censured Cheney for her vote to impeach Trump. Cheney responded, My vote to impeach was compelled by the oath I swore to the Constitution. Wyoming citizens know that this oath does not bend or yield to politics or partisanship. I will always fight for Wyoming values and stand up for our Western way of life. She rejected the Wyoming partys demands that she step down, and noted the censure incorrectly asserted that the January 6, 2021 storming of the United States Capitol was instigated by Antifa and Black Lives Matter.
Cheney raised the possibility of a criminal investigation of Trump for provoking violence and on multiple occasions has said Trump does not have a role as a leader of our party going forward. In April 2021, she said she would not vote for him if he were the Republican nominee for president in 2024. In May 2021, she said, I will do everything I can to ensure that [Trump] never again gets anywhere near the Oval Office and we cannot let the former president drag us backward and make us complicit in his efforts to unravel our democracy.
In his first speech since the storming of the Capitol, Trump attacked the Bush administration for launching the Afghanistan and Iraq wars, and described Liz Cheney as a warmonger and a person that loves seeing our troops fighting for her support for the Bush administrations foreign policy.
In March 2021 former Republican speaker Paul Ryan announced his support for Cheney. Salon wrote that although Cheney is arch-conservative, she is now considered too liberal for some GOP extremists.
Removal as conference chair
In response to rising calls from pro-Trump factions in the Republican Party for her to be removed from her position as House Republican Conference chair, Cheney wrote an opinion article, The GOP is at a turning point. History is watching us, published in The Washington Post on May 5, 2021. In it, she reiterated her positions on adhering to the principles of the U.S. Constitution, upholding the law, and defending the basic principles that underpin and protect our freedom and our democratic process. Senator Joni Ernst criticized the GOPs efforts to remove Cheney from party leadership, comparing it to cancel culture.
On the eve of a House Republican vote to remove her, Cheney made an address on the House floor after her colleagues had left the chamber, saying in part:
Full speech, May 11, 2021
Today we face a threat America has never seen before. A former president, who provoked a violent attack on this Capitol in an effort to steal the election, has resumed his aggressive effort to convince Americans that the election was stolen from him. He risks inciting further violence. Millions of Americans have been misled by the former president. They have heard only his words, but not the truth, as he continues to undermine our democratic process, sowing seeds of doubt about whether democracy really works at all. I am a conservative Republican and the most conservative of conservative principles is reverence for the rule of law. The Electoral College has voted. More than sixty state and federal courts, including multiple judges he appointed, have rejected the former presidents claims. The Department of Justice in his administration investigated the former presidents claims of widespread fraud and found no evidence to support them. The election is over. That is the rule of law. That is our constitutional process. Those who refuse to accept the rulings of our courts are at war with the Constitution.
Cheney was formally recalled by voice vote at a closed-door House Republican Conference meeting on May 12, 2021. Five GOP representatives requested a recorded vote, but McCarthy chose to decide the matter by voice vote. As it was a voice vote conducted behind closed doors, it was unclear which lawmakers supported her ouster.
- Committee on Armed Services
- United States House Select Committee on the January 6 Attack
Possible presidential run
In May 2021, Cheney said that she intends to be the leader, one of the leaders, in a fight to help to restore our party. An interview on ABC News’ This Week in which she refused to rule out a presidential bid prompted media speculation about her interest in a presidential run in 2024.
Cheney has described herself as a conservative Republican. Lawrence R. Jacobs has said, Cheney is an arch-conservative. She’s a hard-edged, small government, lower taxes figure and a leading voice on national defense. Jake Bernstein argued that Liz Cheney is a true conservative in every sense of the word and she’s only a moderate in relation to the radicalism that has seized the Republican party.
The Brookings Institution argued that Cheney has a long-term strategy to become the leader of the Republican Party in the post-Trump era, and that she’s a real conservative—Democrats who like her opposition to Trump will never like her politics.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2021)
When working in the United States Department of State as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, Cheney supported the Iraq War, as promoted by her father, Dick Cheney.
According to Mother Jones, Cheney insists that one of the main lies of the Bush-Cheney fraudulent case for war—that there had been a significant connection between al-Qaeda and Iraq—was true. New York Times columnist Maureen Dowd has commented that Cheney used her patronage perch in the State Department during the Bush-Cheney years ... [and] bolstered her fathers trumped-up case for an invasion of Iraq while cheering on her dad as he spread fear, propaganda and warped intelligence.
On June 17, 2021, Cheney was one of 160 House Republicans to vote against repealing the 2002 AUMF, which granted the Bush administration the authority to wage war with Iraq. She said that repealing the resolution would send a message of weakness to our adversaries and allies alike. Cheneys vote was criticized by the National Review.
In 2015, Cheney and her father expressed opposition to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, saying that it would lead to a nuclear-armed Iran. On June 21, 2019, after Trump called off military strikes against Iran for allegedly downing an American drone, Cheney compared Trump not attacking Iran to Barack Obama not attacking Syria in 2013. On September 18, 2019, she called for the United States to consider a proportional military response against Iran after it was attacking oil bases in the Saudi regions of Abqaiq and Khurais.
January 6, 2021 commission
Cheney was one of 35 Republicans who joined all Democrats in voting to approve legislation to establish the January 6, 2021 commission meant to investigate the storming of the U.S. Capitol. Before the vote, she was one of few Republican lawmakers who openly expressed support for the commission.
This caused a public falling-out with her sister Mary Cheney, who wrote in a Facebook post, Either [y]ou think all families should be treated equally or you dont. Lizs position is to treat my family as second class citizens. Marys wife Heather Poe wrote in a Facebook post, Liz has been a guest in our home, has spent time and shared holidays with our children, and when Mary and I got married in 2012, she didnt hesitate to tell us how happy she was for us. To have her now say she doesnt support our right to marry is offensive to say the least. Mary announced she would not support Lizs 2014 Senate candidacy. The family spat becoming a focus of media attention was cited as one of the reasons Cheney ended her Senate campaign.
Cheney has supported the use of torture. In 2009, she defended the use of waterboarding during the George W. Bush administration, comparing it to SERE training. In 2014, she criticized President Barack Obama after he said, we tortured some folks. Also that year, she criticized Nancy Pelosi for calling out her father for using torture.
In 2018, when U.S. Senator John McCain criticized CIA nominee Gina Haspel, Cheney again defended the use of enhanced interrogation techniques, saying that it saved lives, prevented attacks, and produced intel that led to Osama bin Laden. Cheneys remarks were criticized by Meghan McCain, who responded that her father doesnt need torture explained to him.
Alleged fringe positions
In 2009, Cheney refused to denounce adherents of Barack Obama citizenship conspiracy theories (birtherism) on the Larry King Live show. She said that the birtherism movement exists because people are uncomfortable with a president who is reluctant to defend the nation overseas.
Awards and honors
|Republican||Jason Adam Senteney||976||1.11|
|Constitution||Daniel Clyde Cummings||10,362||4.12|
|Libertarian||Lawrence Gerard Struempf||9,033||3.59|
|Republican||Liz Cheney (incumbent)||75,183||67.72|
|Republican||Blake E Stanley||13,307||11.99|
|Republican||Liz Cheney (incumbent)||127,963||63.59|
|Constitution||Daniel Clyde Cummings||6,070||3.02|
|Republican||Liz Cheney (incumbent)||78,870||73.46%|
|Republican||Liz Cheney (incumbent)||185,732||68.56%|
|Democratic||Lynnette Grey Bull||66,576||24.58%|
- With Dick Cheney, Exceptional: Why the World Needs a Powerful America. New York: Simon & Schuster. 2015. ISBN 978-1-5011-1541-7.
- In My Time: A Personal and Political Memoir. with Dick Cheney. New York: Threshold Editions. 2011. ISBN 978-1-4391-7619-1.CS1 maint: others (link)
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- ^ A wild day that defined the Republican Party. CNN. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
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- ^ a b Would Liz Cheney run to keep Trump from Oval Office? Whatever it takes, she says. TODAY.com.
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- ^ Cheney balks at carpetbagger talk. Casper Star-Tribune. July 17, 2013. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
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- ^ CHENEY, Liz - Biographical Information. bioguide.congress.gov.
- ^ Gellman, Barton, Angler: The Cheney Vice Presidency, p. 37 (2008).
- ^ State Department Post for Cheney Daughter. The New York Times. March 2, 2002.
- ^ Milbank, Dana (March 12, 2002). In Appointments, Administration Leaves No Family Behind. The Washington Post. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
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- ^ Kessler, Glenn; Slevin, Peter (October 13, 2002). Cheney is Fulcrum of Foreign Policy. The Washington Post. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
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- ^ Kamen, Al (February 14, 2005). A Newly Meaningful Relationship?. The Washington Post. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
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- ^ Weisman, Steven R. (April 15, 2006), U.S. Program Is Directed at Altering Irans Politics, The New York Times
- ^ Farah, Stockman, U.S. Unit Created to Pressure Iran, Syria, Disbanded, The Boston Globe, May 26, 2007.
- ^ Karen Hanretty, Fred Thompson announces his Presidential Campaign, Thompson campaign press release, October 8, 2007.
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- ^ Chernick, Ilanit (June 20, 2019). Yad Vashem to Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez: Learn about concentration camps. The Jerusalem Post.
- ^ Brulliard, Karin. Court restores federal protections for Yellowstone-area grizzly bears. The Washington Post. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
- ^ Rep. Cheney Accuses Tribes of Destroying Our Western Way of Life Over Sacred Grizzly Protections. Native News Online. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
- ^ Ozkan, Mert (October 9, 2019). Turkey opens ground assault on Syrias Kurds; U.S. Republicans turn on Trump. Reuters.
- ^ a b Miller, Hayley (October 14, 2019). Liz Cheney: Impeachment Inquiry Partly To Blame For Turkeys Invasion Of Syria. HuffPost. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
- ^ Lemon, Jason (October 14, 2019). Liz Cheney tells Fox News Turkey invaded Syria because Democrats launched impeachment inquiry against Trump. Newsweek. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
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- ^ Kampeas, Ron (June 23, 2020). Republicans sign letter backing Israels right to set its own borders. The Times of Israel.
- ^ Zonszein, Mairav (July 20, 2020). Democrats Cant Allow Israel to Pursue Annexation Without Consequences. Foreign Policy.
- ^ Frazin, Rachel (September 17, 2020). Cheney asks DOJ to probe environmental groups. The Hill.
- ^ Rep. Swalwell under fire for connection with alleged Chinese spy, blames Trump for report. Fox News. Yahoo. December 9, 2020. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020.
- ^ Giang-Paunon, Stephanie (December 18, 2020). Liz Cheney says Swalwell represents national security hazard, urges Pelosi to take action. Fox News.
- ^ EDITORIAL: Chinese infiltration: Taiwan can help. Taipei Times. December 18, 2020.
- ^ Brewster, Jack (May 12, 2021). Whos More Loyal?: Cheney Voted With Trump More Than Possible Replacement Stefanik. Forbes. Retrieved May 6, 2021.
- ^ Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (September 13, 2019). Liz Cheney, Tart-Tongued Fighter, Is Warring With Rand Paul Over Whos Trumpier. New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
- ^ Serwer, Adam (May 6, 2021). Liz Cheney Has Only Herself to Blame. The Atlantic. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
- ^ Before riot, Trump said we got to get rid of Rep. Liz Cheney. The Washington Post. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
- ^ No. 3 House Republican Liz Cheney to vote to impeach Trump, says theres never been a greater betrayal by a president. The Washington Post. Associated Press. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on January 13, 2021. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
- ^ Prokop, Andrew (January 12, 2021). Rep. Liz Cheney just backed impeaching Trump – and even Mitch McConnell may be open to it. Vox. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
- ^ These 10 House Republicans voted to impeach Trump on Wednesday. CNN. January 13, 2021. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
- ^ King, Ledyard (January 13, 2021). Read the statement from GOP Rep. Liz Cheney, chair of the House GOP Conference, on why shell vote to impeach Donald Trump. USA TODAY. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
- ^ Byrnes, Jesse (January 13, 2021). Jordan calls on Cheney to step down from House leadership. TheHill. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
- ^ Kilander, Gustaf (January 25, 2021). In Wyoming men dont wear make-up: Cheney spokesperson hits out at Matt Gaetz amid GOP civil war. The Independent.
- ^ George W. Bush to thank Dick Cheney, father of Liz Cheney, for his daughters service. CNN. Retrieved January 30, 2021.
- ^ First on CNN: Liz Cheney gets boost from McConnell amid divisive intraparty battle over Trumps impeachment. CNN. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
- ^ McConnell condemns loony lies in swipe at Marjorie Taylor Greene, defends Cheney. NBC News. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
- ^ Raju, Manu; Zeleny, Jeff; Foran, Clare. House Republicans vote to keep Liz Cheney in leadership after impeachment vote. CNN.
- ^ Hughes, Kristina Peterson and Siobhan (February 4, 2021). Liz Cheney Retains GOP Post, Marjorie Taylor Greenes Committee Seats Under Threat. The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved February 4, 2021.
- ^ a b Leonard, Ben. Wyoming GOP censures Liz Cheney for vote to impeach Trump. POLITICO. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
- ^ Richardson, Valerie. Liz Cheney says she wont resign after Wyoming GOP calls for her to step down, Washington Times, February 7, 2021. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
- ^ Alba, Davey (September 16, 2020). F.B.I. says there is no evidence antifa participated in storming the Capitol. The New York Times.
- ^ Pilkington, Ed (February 7, 2021). Liz Cheney raises possibility of criminal investigation of Trump for provoking violence. The Guardian. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
- ^ Folley, Aris (February 7, 2021). Cheney: Trump does not have a role as a leader of our party going forward. The Hill. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
- ^ Fandos, Nicholas (February 7, 2021). Spurning Calls to Resign, Liz Cheney Says G.O.P. Must Move Past Trump. The New York Times. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
- ^ Nelson, Steven (February 24, 2021). Reps. Kevin McCarthy and Liz Cheney clash over Trumps role in the future of the GOP. New York Post. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
- ^ Moye, David (April 14, 2021). Liz Cheneys Answer On If Shed Ever Vote For Trump Stumps Fox News Anchor. HuffPost. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
- ^ Liz Cheney: Republican ousted from leadership for challenging Trump election claims. May 12, 2021 – via www.bbc.com.
- ^ Trump speaks at CPAC. The Hill. February 28, 2021. Retrieved February 28, 2021.
- ^ Guess whos fundraising for Liz Cheney. Politico. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
- ^ a b Why arch-conservative Liz Cheney is now considered too liberal for some GOP extremists. Salon. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
- ^ Weaver, Aubree Eliza. Larry Hogan: Ousting Liz Cheney was a mistake. POLITICO.
- ^ Cheney, Liz, The GOP is at a turning point. History is watching us., The Washington Post, May 5, 2021
- ^ Zilbermints, Regina (May 10, 2021). Top female GOP senator compares Cheney ousting to cancel culture. TheHill. Retrieved May 11, 2021.
- ^ Jeremy Herb and Annie Grayer. Liz Cheney strikes defiant tone in floor speech on eve of her expected ousting from House GOP leadership. CNN.
- ^ READ: Liz Cheneys remarks on the House floor on the night before her expected removal from leadership post | CNN Politics. CNN. May 12, 2021.
- ^ a b King, Ledyard. Liz Cheneys future in Republican leadership decided by voice vote in closed-door meeting. USA TODAY. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
- ^ Diaz, Daniella; Grayer, Annie (May 12, 2021). The vote to oust Liz Cheney took only 16 minutes. Heres what happened. CNN. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
- ^ Membership. Republican Study Committee. December 6, 2017. Retrieved March 28, 2021.
- ^ Members. Congressional Western Caucus. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
- ^ GOP Rep. Liz Cheney joins board of Gerald R. Ford Foundation
- ^ The Washington Post
- ^ a b Liz Cheney a martyr to resistance as Republican party picks cult of Trump. the Guardian. May 8, 2021.
- ^ Incandescent with fury, Donald Trump wants his party to burn. The Times. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
- ^ Limbaugh lines up with Liz Cheney. Politico. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
- ^ Kamarck, Elaine (May 11, 2021). Liz Cheney wont be speaker but she could be president.
- ^ Laslo, Matt. Cheney Is A Strong Supporter Of Opioid Legislation While Others Arent So Sure. Wyoming Public Media. Retrieved April 9, 2021.
- ^ Zilbermints, Regina (February 23, 2021). Cheney rejects Trumps America First foreign policy as dangerous isolationism. The Hill. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
- ^ Cheney rails against plans to withdraw troops from Afghanistan. WyoFile. April 14, 2021. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
- ^ Allen, Nick (May 12, 2021). Trump labels Liz Cheney bitter, horrible human being after Republicans vote to oust her. The Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
- ^ a b Corn, David (May 7, 2021). How Liz Cheney and Her Dad Paved the Way for the Big Lie. Mother Jones. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
- ^ Dowd, Maureen (May 8, 2021). Liz Cheney and the Big Lies. New York Times. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
- ^ Cheney: Repealing AUMF sends wrong message allies, enemies. Wyoming Tribune Eagle.
- ^ Liz Cheney Is Wrong to Oppose the House Iraq AUMF Repeal. June 17, 2021.
- ^ Dick and Liz Cheney on Iran nuclear deal, 2016 campaign. www.cbsnews.com.
- ^ Liz Cheney Compares Trump to Obama for Not Attacking Iran: Could Be Serious Mistake. June 21, 2019.
- ^ Nam, Rafael (September 18, 2019). Liz Cheney calls for proportional military response against Iran. TheHill.
- ^ LeBlanc, Paul (May 19, 2021). Here are the 35 House Republicans who voted for the January 6 commission. CNN. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
- ^ Roll Call 154 Bill Number: H. R. 3233 117th Congress, 1st Session, United States House of Representatives, May 19, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
- ^ How Republicans voted on a commission to investigate the Jan. 6 Capitol riot, Washington Post, May 19, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
- ^ Grayer, Annie (May 19, 2021). House sends bill creating January 6 commission to the Senate. CNN. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
- ^ Clark, Meredith (November 17, 2013). Liz Cheney sparks family feud with anti-gay marriage remarks. MSNBC. New York City: NBCUniversal. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- ^ Blake, Aaron (November 18, 2013). Mary Cheney: My sister is treating us as second class citizens. The Washington Post.
- ^ Camia, Catalina (November 18, 2013). Cheney sisters spar over gay marriage on social media. USA Today.
- ^ Zengerle, Jason (November 20, 2013). The Race That Broke the Cheneys. Politico. Capitol News Company. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- ^ Cheney: I have decided to discontinue my campaign. Politico. January 6, 2014.
- ^ Tenbarge, Kat (August 3, 2019). Rep. Liz Cheney bashes Bernie Sanders on Twitter and calls him a commie with daddy issues with my daddy. Business Insider.
Cheney, Liz: “Key question for Elizabeth Warren @ewarren today - which American cities and how many American citizens are you willing to sacrifice with your policy of forcing the US to absorb a nuclear attack before we can strike back?”
- ^ Corley, Matt (April 23, 2009). Liz Cheney Claims Waterboading Isnt Torture Because Similar Tactics Were Used In SERE Training. ThinkProgress.
- ^ Miller, Zeke (August 7, 2014). Liz Cheney Knocks Obama for Torture Comments. Time.
- ^ Kopan, Tal (April 8, 2014). Liz Cheney defends dad on torture. POLITICO.
- ^ Stracqualursi, Veronica (March 15, 2018). Meghan McCain to Liz Cheney: My father doesnt need torture explained to him | CNN Politics. CNN.
- ^ Walsh, Joan (July 23, 2009). Liz Cheney defends the Birthers. Salon. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
- ^ Benen, Steve (July 22, 2009). Birther madness. Washington Monthly. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
- ^ Goodall, H.L. (2016). Counter-Narrative: How Progressive Academics Can Challenge Extremists and Promote Social Justice. Routledge. p. 71. ISBN 978-1315431482.
- ^ Center for Security Policy. splcenter.org. Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
- ^ Liz Cheney at the Freedom Flame: Educating Obama. centerforsecuritypolicy.org. Center for Security Policy. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
- ^ Gross, Elana Lyn; Voytko, Lisette; McGrath, Maggie (June 2, 2021). The New Golden Age. Forbes. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
- ^ Jenkins, Jack (May 12, 2021). Liz Cheney, ousted from party leadership, invokes pope and the power of faith. Washington Post. Religion News Service. Retrieved May 17, 2021.
- ^ Statewide Candidates Official Summary Wyoming Primary Election - August 16, 2016 (PDF). Wyoming Secretary of State. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
- ^ Statewide Candidates Official Summary Wyoming General Election - November 8, 2016 (PDF). Wyoming Secretary of State. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
- ^ Statewide Candidates Official Summary Wyoming Primary Election - August 21, 2018 (PDF). Wyoming Secretary of State. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
- ^ Statewide Candidates Official Summary Wyoming General Election - November 6, 2018 (PDF). Wyoming Secretary of State. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
- ^ Statewide Candidates Official Summary Wyoming Primary Electionmary.xlsx (PDF). Wyoming Secretary of State. Retrieved August 21, 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Liz Cheney.|
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- 2014 Campaign contributions at OpenSecrets.org
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Transcripts and videos
- Transcript: appearance on Fox News No Spin Zone, interview with Bill OReilly, October 21, 2004
- Transcript: Foreign Press Center briefing on disbursement of MEPI funds, Manama, Bahrain, November 9, 2005
- Interview: Carnegie Endowment (August 25, 2008; HTML) (PDF)
|U.S. House of Representatives|
|Preceded by |
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Wyomings at-large congressional district
|Party political offices|
|Preceded by |
Cathy McMorris Rodgers
| Chair of the House Republican Conference |
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|Preceded by |
| United States representatives by seniority |
|115th||Senate: M. Enzi • J. Barrasso •||House: L. Cheney|
|116th||Senate: M. Enzi • J. Barrasso •||House: L. Cheney|
|117th||Senate: J. Barrasso (R) • C. Lummis (R)||House: L. Cheney (R)|
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